Skip to main content

Table 5 The use of different MoI(s) in different subjects across schools

From: Trilingual education in Hong Kong primary schools: an overview

Subject Language(s) used as MoI(s) All (155) Aided (145) Gov’t (4) DSS (6)
Chinese Cantonese (almost 100%) 89(57.42%) 83(57.24%) 3(75%) 3(50%)
Putonghua (almost 100%) 65(41.94%) 63(43.45%) 0 2(33.33%)
In junior grades, Cantonese is used as MoI; in senior grades, Putonghua is used 10 (6.45%) 8 (5.52%) 0 2(33.33%)
In the same grade, some classes use Cantonese as MoI, others use Putonghua 54(34.84%) 53(36.55%) 1(25%) 0
Teachers may switch between the two languages in class 23(14.84%) 22(15.17%) 0 1(16.67%)
English English (almost 100%) 99(63.87%) 93(64.14%) 0 6(100%)
Other than English, teachers may use Cantonese subject to teaching and learning needs 53(34.19%) 50(34.48%) 3 (75%) 0
In junior grades, both English and Cantonese can be used as MoIs; in senior grades, only English can be used as MoI 12(7.74%) 11(7.59%) 1(25%) 0
Putonghua Putonghua (almost 100%) 136(87.74%) 128 (8.28%) 3(75%) 5(83.33%)
Putonghua mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 12(7.74%) 11(7.59%) 1(25%) 0
In junior grades, both Putonghua and Cantonese can be used as MoIs; in senior grades, only Putonghua can be used as MoI 7(4.52%) 7(4.83%) 0 0
Mathematics Cantonese (almost 100%) 145(93.55%) 137 94.48%) 4(100%) 4(66.67%)
Putonghua (almost 100%) 1(0.65%) 1(0.69%) 0 0
English (almost 100%) 7(4.52%) 4(2.76%) 0 3(50%)
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by English 6(3.87%) 6(4.14%) 0 0
English mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 2(1.29%) 2(1.38%) 0 0
General Studies Cantonese (almost 100%) 145(93.55%) 136(93.79%) 4(100%) 5(83.33%)
Putonghua (almost 100%) 1(0.65%) 1(0.69%) 0 0
English (almost 100%) 8(5.16%) 4(2.76%) 0 4(66.67%)
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by English 6(3.87%) 6 (4.14%) 0 0
English mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 2(1.29%) 2(1.38%) 0 0
Visual Arts Cantonese (almost 100%) 147 94.84%) 139(95.86%) 4(100%) 4(94.84%)
English (almost 100%) 4(2.58%) 3(2.07%) 0 1(16.67%)
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by English 2(1.29%) 2(1.38%) 0 0
Putonghua mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 1(0.65%) 1(0.69%) 0 0
English mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 3(1.94%) 2(1.38%) 0 1(16.67%)
Music Cantonese (almost 100%) 143(92.26%) 135(93.1%) 4(100%) 4(66.67%)
English (almost 100%) 6(3.87%) 3(2.07%) 0 3(50%)
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by Putonghua 1(0.65%) 1(0.69%) 0 0
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by English 5(3.23%) 5(3.45%) 0 0
Putonghua mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 2(1.29%) 2(1.38%) 0 0
English mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 2(1.29%) 2(1.38%) 0 0
Physical Education Cantonese (almost 100%) 149(96.13%) 140(96.55%) 4(100%) 5(83.33%)
English (almost 100%) 4(2.58%) 3(2.07%) 0 1(16.67%)
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by Putonghua 1(0.65%) 1(0.69%) 0 0
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by English 2(1.29%) 2(1.38%) 0 0
English mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 1(0.65%) 1(0.69%) 0 0
IT/ Computer Cantonese (almost 100%) 141(90.97%) 134(92.41%) 3(75%) 4(66.67%)
English (almost 100%) 5(3.23%) 3(2.07%) 0 2(33.33%)
Cantonese mainly, supplemented by English 8(5.16%) 7(4.83%) 1(25%) 0
Putonghua mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 1(0.65%) 1(0.69%) 0 0
English mainly, supplemented by Cantonese 3(1.94%) 3(2.07%) 0 0